Exploring the Different Types of Birth Control

Today family planning is crucial. An unplanned pregnancy can lead to many consequences. For better family planning, you should know about birth control.


Types of Birth Control

Types of Birth Control

Hormonal Methods

This is the common method to prevent pregnancy. These methods alter the hormonal level of the body and prevent pregnancy.

  • Birth Control Pills
    These pills are oral contraceptives that contain synthetic hormones.  These birth control pills prevent ovulation and the sperm can’t reach the egg easily.
  • Birth Control Patch
    The birth control patch is a small, adhesive patch that releases hormones through the skin into the bloodstream. It works similarly to birth control pills but requires changing once a week.
  • Birth Control Shot
    The birth control shot is a progestin-only contraceptive injected into the muscle.

Barrier Methods

  • Condoms
    Condoms are available in medical and convenient stores. People often use condoms to prevent pregnancy.
  • Cervical Cap
    The cervical cap is a smaller silicone cap that fits snugly over the cervix.


Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives (LARCs)

LARCs are highly effective birth control methods that provide protection for an extended period.Implants are small, matchstick-sized rods containing hormones that are inserted under the skin of the arm.


Permanent Methods

Permanent birth control methods are suitable for people who don’t want to have children in the future. There are mainly 2 permanent types of birth control. Tubal ligation and vasectomy.

Tubal ligation, commonly known as “getting your tubes tied,” involves surgically blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus.


Fertility Awareness-Based Methods

Fertility awareness-based methods involve tracking and monitoring a person’s menstrual cycle to identify fertile and infertile periods, enabling them to avoid or achieve pregnancy.


Withdrawal Method

This is one of the types of birth control methods where the male partner withdraws his penis from the vagina before ejaculation.


Natural Family Planning (NFP)

Natural Family Planning involves understanding changes in a person’s menstrual cycle to identify fertile and infertile periods. By monitoring body temperature, cervical mucus, and other signs, individuals can make informed decisions about when to abstain from intercourse or use barrier methods during fertile times.


Birth Control and Adolescents

Adolescents seeking birth control require careful consideration and counseling. Healthcare professionals can help teenagers choose appropriate methods and address any concerns or misconceptions they may have.


Birth Control and Family Planning Services

Access to comprehensive family planning services is crucial for individuals seeking birth control. These services often include counseling, contraceptive options, and screenings for potential health concerns.


Birth Control and Accessibility

Ensuring that birth control methods are accessible to all individuals is vital for reproductive health equity. Governments, healthcare organizations, and advocates work together to address barriers and improve accessibility.


Birth Control Myths and Misconceptions

There are various myths and misconceptions surrounding birth control methods. Dispelling these misconceptions through education can empower individuals to make informed choices.


Birth Control and Cultural Factors

Cultural factors can influence the use and acceptance of certain birth control methods. Understanding these factors can help tailor family planning programs to specific communities.


Birth Control and Mental Health

Some individuals may experience changes in mood or mental health while using certain hormonal birth control methods. Understanding these potential effects can help individuals make informed decisions.


Birth Control and Pregnancy Planning

Birth control is not only for preventing pregnancy but also for planning it. Some methods, like stopping birth control pills, require careful timing and planning for conception.


Birth Control and Emergency Contraception

Emergency contraception provides a vital backup option after unprotected intercourse or contraceptive failure. Understanding how and when to use emergency contraception is crucial for individuals seeking a second chance at preventing pregnancy.


Disadvantages of Birth Control

Side Effects: Hormonal birth control can cause side effects. The person may feel nausea and headaches. Taking pills very often can cause other harm to the body.

Effectiveness: The effectiveness of some birth control methods depends on consistent and proper usage, which may pose challenges for some users.

Health Risks: Certain birth control methods may have associated health risks. You should choose types of birth control methods that are safe for you and your partner.


The Social Impact of Birth Control

Women’s Empowerment: Access to birth control has empowered women to pursue education and careers, contributing to gender equality.

Reducing Unplanned Pregnancies: Using birth control you can prevent unplanned pregnancies.

Get in Touch


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Related Articles


Get in Touch


Latest Posts